What is a Naturopathic Doctor?
What is Naturopathic Medicine?
Naturopathic medicine is a system of healthcare—an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is defined by the principles that underlie and determine its practice rather than by the substances used. Naturopathic medicine is natural, effective holistic medicine.
The Guiding Principles of Naturopathic Medicine
The Healing Power of Nature: This is the self-organizing and healing process inherent in all living systems. Naturopathic medicine recognizes this healing process to be ordered and intelligent. It is the naturopathic physician’s role to support, facilitate and augment this process by identifying and removing obstacles to health and recovery, and by supporting the creation of a healthy internal and external environment.
First Do No Harm: Naturopathic physicians utilize methods and medicinal substances that minimize the risk of harmful effects, and apply the least possible force or intervention necessary to diagnose illness and restore health. Naturopathic physicians recognize and respect all medicines as having a valuable role in healing and prevention when used with the right patient, at the right time, and in the appropriate dose. Whenever possible the suppression of symptoms is avoided as suppression generally interferes with the healing process. However, suppression can save lives when the need is indicated.
Doctor As Teacher: The original meaning of the word “doctor” is teacher. A principal objective of naturopathic medicine is to educate the patient and emphasize self-responsibility for health. An informed patient makes intelligent choices about his/her health care. Naturopathic physicians also recognize and employ the therapeutic potential of the doctor-patient relationship. A vital part of this therapeutic relationship is spending time with patients to fully understand them in the context of their lives.
What is a Naturopathic Physician?
Naturopathic physicians (NDs) are licensed healthcare providers who have undergone rigorous professional training at an accredited school of naturopathic medicine. They are trained to provide primary care and/or specialty care. A naturopathic physician’s diagnostic and therapeutic techniques include both modern and traditional modalities. Naturopathic methods incorporate the scientific and empiric, and therapies range from the most fundamental (“ nature cure” and “ food as medicine” ) to conventional medical treatments.
Infused in this practice is a profound respect for the art of medicine, reverence for the wisdom of nature and application of the latest scientific research, all applied to promote optimal patient outcomes. While other providers may use techniques and treatments similar to those used by naturopaths, only NDs licensed by the state in which they practice are able to use the term “ naturopathic” in representing themselves to the public.
What Type of Training do Naturopathic Physicians Receive?
Naturopathic physicians undergo training that is similar in structure and scope to that of allopathic physicians (MDs) and osteopathic physicians (DOs). Naturopathic medical colleges are four-year graduate schools with rigorous admissions requirements comparable to other medical schools. The Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine (ND) degree is awarded after classroom, clinical and practical study.
Naturopathic physicians are trained in standard medical sciences including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, immunology, clinical and physical diagnosis, pharmacology, cardiology, neurology, radiology, minor surgery, obstetrics, gynecology, embryology, pediatrics, dermatology and physical medicine.
The training also includes extensive study of naturopathic philosophy and therapeutics including clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, physical medicine, hydrotherapy and counseling.
Like many states and provinces, Washington’ s laws require graduates of naturopathic medical schools to pass rigorous board examinations in order to qualify for licensure. Washington NDs must also complete annual continuing education training to maintain their licenses.
What is the Scope of Practice for Naturopathic Physicians?
Naturopathic physicians are trained to provide primary care and/or specialty care in outpatient settings. NDs see patients with acute and chronic conditions and employ all standard conventional diagnostic tools including physical examination, laboratory tests and imaging. The full range of lab tests and physical exams (including PAP smears) are an essential part of ND training and practice.
NDs may use additional physical and laboratory procedures to assess nutritional status, metabolic function and/or toxic load, while considerable time may also be spent assessing mental, emotional, social and spiritual status to assure that any treatment plan is comprehensive.
NDs use a variety of therapies to promote health and treat disease, including dietetics, clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, physical medicine, naturopathic manipulative therapy, lifestyle counseling, exercise therapy, homeopathy and hydrotherapy. NDs can perform minor office procedures appropriate to a primary care setting, administer vaccinations and prescribe most standard drugs when indicated. Like other primary care doctors, NDs delegate to nurses and medical assistants, and they refer to specialists when appropriate.
Are Naturopathic Physicians Covered by Your Insurance?
Most health insurance plans in Washington State cover naturopathic care. In Washington, state-regulated healthcare plans are required to cover naturopathic physicians, based on the Every Category of Provider legislation passed in 1995.
The Naturopathic Way
Our physicians came to naturopathic medicine because they believe that healing is a dynamic process. This process encompasses the whole-person, not isolated parts and systems. Naturopathy is not about symptom management, though at times this is inevitable. The goal, rather, is to find the root cause of discomfort and disease in order to re-establish health. The model used to accomplish this goal is Naturopathic medicine.
Naturopathic medicine is a thought process that requires putting all the pieces of the patient’s puzzle together to find the means of achieving total health.
Naturopathic Medicine itself is very old, with roots going back hundreds of years. However it has only recently become a licensed profession. Naturopaths, as with MDs, are licensed by the state in which they practice.
You may find people calling themselves Naturopaths who do not practice Naturopathic Medicine. While their intentions may be good, be forewarned that they have not received the level of education that Naturopathic Doctors receive. Unfortunately, there are people who did not attend medical school calling themselves naturopaths. These individuals may have completed online degree programs with little to no medical training and did not receive their degree from an accredited medical school.
You can confirm if a Naturopathic doctor is fully trained by visiting the National Association of Naturopathic Doctor’s website at Naturopathic.org.
If you do not have a Naturopathic Physician in your area, the practitioners at The University Health Clinic may be able to work with you by phone. While good medicine includes a physical exam and one-on-one interaction, we have developed a telephone consultation program for when one-on-one is not possible.